Direct Adaptive Control Algorithms Theory And Applications Communications And Control Engineering - Protocols for Internet of Things Dr. Mukesh Taneja Cisco Systems, Bangalore, India Length of the tutorial: 2-3 hours. Abstract: More things are connecting to the Internet than people — over 12.5 billion devices in 2010 alone. 50 billion devices are expected to be connected by 2020. Yet today, more than 99 percent of things in the physical world remain unconnected.. Automation is the technology by which a process or procedure is performed with minimum human assistance. Automation or automatic control is the use of various control systems for operating equipment such as machinery, processes in factories, boilers and heat treating ovens, switching on telephone networks, steering and stabilization of ships, aircraft and other applications and vehicles.